What is psoriasis? This is a non-contagious chronic skin problem characterized by thick, white, red or silvery patches of skin which are usually itchy, burning or sore. Normally, the skin cells grow gradually and flake off after weeks. But in psoriasis, your new skin cells move rapidly to the surface of the skin in days rather than weeks. The patches can range from small to large and can appear on the lower back, scalp, elbows, skin, feet or hands. The exact causes of the disease are not known. However, experts believe that a combination of factors such as a disorder of the epidermis and the immune system may be culprits.
What is Psoriasis Types?
The main types of psoriasis include plaque psoriasis, which is the most common and appears as raised white and red hues of scaly skin, which can crack and bleed and frequently occur on knees and elbows but can also affect genitals, palms and feet. Guttate psoriasis often starts in childhood or adulthood. Also known as intertriginous psoriasis, inverse psoriasis appears as very smooth and shinny red lesions in body folds. Pustular psoriasis on the other hand is characterized by white blisters that consists of white blood cells surrounded by red skin. Erythrodermic psoriasis is rare and often affects the whole body.
What is Psoriasis Triggers?
The disease may start or worsen because of triggers such as injury to the skin, infection, cold weather, obesity and certain medications. Identify and avoid any triggers to reduce the risk of an outbreak.
Despite the fact that its a long-term skin condition, psoriasis management may offer significant relief. Some doctors may recommend topical treatments such as salicylic acid ointment, corticosteroid cream and steroid-based creams. Other treatments include light therapy and prescribed medications.
A change in diet and lifestyle may help. Low energy diets, fish oil and vegetarian diets can help manage your condition. Avoid stress, smoking and heavy alcohol consumption. To further answer any queries on what is psoriasis, you may to talk to your doctor.